Dance of Ferghana Valley

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Summary The roots of Ferghana dance need to be looked for in “Katta oyin” (“Big dance”), which evolved and was specifically designated for squares, and “Kichik oyin” (“Small dance”), which was performed in reception halls and courtyards. “Kichik oyin” consisted of lyrical, passionate and heartfelt dances, performed by folk dancers and professionals during singing of yalla and lapar songs under accompaniment of doira, dutar and other musical instruments. The dances performed by yallachi (in particular, “Duchava”, “Yallama”, “Qorasoch”, “Qaytarma” or “Tanovar” cycle of dances) are especially popular in Ferghana. Men dance by wearing camisole made from coarse calico and silk, light robes, wide trousers, waist belts, beautiful skullcaps and colorful boots. Women wear dresses made of khon atlas and beqasam fabrics (types of local fabric), or more often ? dresses made of Chinese silk of white color with a collar; elegant sleeveless jackets, brocadewaistcoats, silk trousers, kerchiefs, headscarfs (parang, durra), shoes on small hills, and various adornments and accessories. Great are the merits of Yusufjon qiziq Shakarjonov and Usta Olim Komilov in revival and development of onstage (scenic) form of Ferghana dance in the XX century, in its enrichment with new elements. It is they, who began staging solo and group dance performances designed for men and women.Notably, such individuals like Tamara-khonim, Mukarram Turghunbaeva, Roziya Karimova, Gavhar Rakhimova, Kunduz Mirkarimova, Dilafruz Jabborova, Qizlarkhon Dostmuhammedova, Mamura Ergasheva and others, by applying experience accumulated by their teachers, further continued the traditions associated with Ferghana dance. At present Ferghana dance is being developed and promoted by professional and amateur anceensembles, ensembles of song and dance.
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