Ca trù singing UNESCO Marks

ICH Domain Performing Arts, Urgent Safeguarding List
Name of UNESCO List Urgent Safeguarding List
Type of UNESCO List
Incribed year in UNESCO List
Local Name Ả đào singing, Cửa đình singing, Cửa quyền singing, Cô đầu singing, Nhà tơ singing, Nhà trò singing and Ca công singing.
Safeguarding Policy In Viet Nam, a national law for the safeguarding of cultural heritage (including tangible and intangible cultural heritage) entitled ‘Law on Cultural Heritage’ was promulgated by the National Assembly in 2001. Since its entry into force on January 1st, 2002, the Law has set a strong legal foundation for the safeguarding of cultural heritage of the nation. However, after eight years of implementation in the context of globalization and modernization, this Law has also revealed several gaps and inefficiency in practice, particularly in response to the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (e.g. limitation in conceptions of intangible cultural heritage and inventory; responsibilities of state bodies were not yet assigned concretely, the roles of culture bearers and communities were not appropriately appreciated, etc.). Therefore, the 2001 Cultural Heritage Law has recently supplemented and amended. The Amended Law on Cultural Heritage was passed through on June 18, 2009 and entered into force on the 1st of January, 2010. The newly amended Law is titled: ‘Law of Amending and supplementing certain Articles of the Law on Cultural Heritage’
Location (Address) Ca trù has been present in the Việt community living in rural and urban areas of the following provinces and cities: In the North: Bắc Ninh, Hà Nội, Hải Dương, Hải Phòng, Hưng Yên, Nam Định, Thái Bình, Phú Thọ and Vĩnh Phúc. In the Central North: Thanh Hóa, Nghệ An, Hà Tĩnh and Quảng Bình. In the South: Hồ Chí Minh city.
Section/Division in Charge The Department of Cultural Heritage, under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism
Name of National List the Vietnamese musical heritage and performing art
Management Organization of National List Vietnamese Institute for Musicology
Summary Ca trù became a fully developed music genre in the 15th century. At that time it was often performed in the village communal house on the occasion of worshipping the village tutelary god. Later, it was performed in the royal palace and at private houses, in “singing bars” (ca quán) and at singing competitions (known as Hát thi).
Ca trù is a sophisticated art of sung poetry. A Ca trù group usually includes a singer who both sings and plays the clappers (known as the phách), an instrumentalist who plays the đàn đáy three-stringed lute, and a “praise drummer” known as quan viên cầm chầu. The complex music of Ca trù is constituted by a highly ornamented singing voice punctuated by the diverse rhythms on the clappers, the deep tone of the đàn đáy threestringed lute and the strong sounds of the praise drum. Some Ca trù performances also include dance (please see the supplementary inventory materials). According to folk artists, Ca trù has 56 different musical forms or melodies, each of which is called thể cách.
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