Mongol Tuuli: Mongolian epic UNESCO Marks

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ICH Domain Performing Arts, Social practices, rituals, festive events, Traditional craft skills, Urgent Safeguarding List
Name of UNESCO List Urgent Safeguarding List
Type of UNESCO List
Incribed year in UNESCO List
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Safeguarding Policy Although there is no national law or act particularly focusing on the intangible cultural heritage in whole, there are national laws regarding the protection of cultural heritage. The fundamental legislative act on the given theme is the ‘‘Law on the Protection of the Cultural Heritage, approved by the Parliament of Mongolia in 2001. This law is based on the other previous legislative instruments, such as The Constitution of Mongolia (1992), the State Policy on Culture (1996), the Law on Culture (1996), and in connection with the other laws in the field of culture, education and arts. 
Location (Address) Mongolian epics were spread all parts of Mongolia; western, eastern, northern, eastern and central regions. Currently, the range of distribution is limited only the western region, specificially Duut soum of Khovd aimag and Malchin and Naranbulag soum of Uvs aimag, in addtion to Ulaanbaatar city.
Section/Division in Charge Ministry of Education, Culture and Science is the main institute for the implementation of the Law on the Protection of the Cultural Heritage. State Specialized Inspection Agency is the official body in charge of the inspection on the activities implemented within the framework of the Law. 
Name of National List Rare and outstanding Cultural Heritage of Mongolia
Management Organization of National List Cultural Heritage Center, Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of Mongolia.
Summary The Mongolian epic is a unique oral traditional art genre which has great length of lyrics with from hundreds to thousands of verses and is narrated in Mongolian in special melodies. Traditionally, Mongolian heroic epic combines benedictions, eulogies, spells, idiomatic phrases, fairy tales, myths and folk songs, and thus are regarded as the best collection of Mongolian oral traditions and immortalized heroic history of Mongolian people. Epic singers are distinguished in prodigious memory, outstanding skills and talents and well-versed intelligence perform epic lyrics to the accompaniment of the traditional musical instruments such as morin khuur (horse-headed fiddle), tovshuur (national lute-like musical instrument), ekil and khuuchir, in compliance with special rituals and customary law.  Therefore, the epic is a combination of performing arts of singing, vocal improvisation and musical composition coupled with theatrical drama elements.  As epics were evolved over a span of many centuries, they mirror and reflect nomadic lifestyle and trans-human civilizations of Mongols as the ‘living encyclopedia’.  The Mongol epics remain a one of key factors of Mongol identity and continue to inspire Mongolians for protection of national cultural heritage.  Currently, there are only about ten epic performers living in remote western region of Mongolia who have preserved and transmit epic performing traditions in original styles and are ready to. 
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