Mongol Biyelgee: Mongolian traditional folk dance UNESCO Marks

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ICH Domain Performing Arts, Social practices, rituals, festive events, Traditional craft skills, Urgent Safeguarding List
Name of UNESCO List Urgent Safeguarding List
Type of UNESCO List
Incribed year in UNESCO List
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Local Name Bii Biyeleg
Safeguarding Policy Although there is no national law or act particularly focusing on the intangible cultural heritage in whole, there are national laws regarding the protection of cultural heritage. The fundamental legislative act on the given theme is the ‘‘Law on the Protection of the Cultural Heritage, approved by the Parliament of Mongolia in 2001. This law is based on the other previous legislative instruments, such as The Constitution of Mongolia (1992), the State Policy on Culture (1996), the Law on Culture (1996), and in connection with the other laws in the field of culture, education and arts. 
Location (Address) Bearers and performers of Mongolian folk dance ‘Biyelgee’ typically live in the remote areas in the western region of Mongolia, including Bulgan, Altai, Munhkhairkhan and Duut soums of Khovd aimag, and Malchin, Naranbulag and Tarialan soums of Uvs aimag that those forlk artists make efforts to teach and transmit ‘bielgee’ by and large. However, the distribution of ‘biyelgee’ bearers and performers is only limited to over 20 indigenous / native inhabitants aged over 60-80 who live in above-mentioned areas.
Section/Division in Charge Ministry of Education, Culture and Science is the main institute for the implementation of the Law on the Protection of the Cultural Heritage. State Specialized Inspection Agency is the official body in charge of the inspection on the activities implemented within the framework of the Law. 
Name of National List Rare and outstanding Cultural Heritage of Mongolia
Management Organization of National List Minister of Education, Culture and Science of Mongolia
Name of National List 몽골 무형문화유산국가목록
Summary Mongol Biyelgee: Mongolian Traditional Folk Dance is an outstanding form among traditional performing arts of Mongolia, and regarded as the original roots and wellspring of Mongolian national dances, their core forebear, source of creativity, and heritage stock. Mongol Biyelgee is unique and distinguished art expression which has embodied and originated from the nomadic way of life of Mongols that expressed lifestyle, customs, traditions and spiritual practices through dancing elements.  Mongol Biyelgee dancing movements are typically confided to small space inside the Nomad’s dwelling-ger. This is performed while half sitting or cross-legged sitting, coupled with fist and hand opening and waving, stiff and swift movements of chest and shoulders, shrugging and shaking them, crossing legs, steps and walks, as well as flexible body movements involved in prevalence. Besides, there are movements such as sitting and bending forward and backward the head and chest with the back or shoulders. In doing so, biyelgee performers praise and dance imitating the expressions of their lifestyle, household activities, courage, love, prides and livestock to the accompaniment of morin khuur, ikel khuur, tovshuur, tsuur, coupled with ethnic costumes.
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