Wooden Movable-Type Printing of China UNESCO Marks

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ICH Domain Traditional craft skills, Urgent Safeguarding List
Name of UNESCO List Urgent Safeguarding List
Type of UNESCO List
Incribed year in UNESCO List
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Location (Address) Rui’an is located in the south-eastern part of Zhejiang province, China; its geographical coordinate is 120°10′~121°15′ east longitude, and 27°40′~28°0′ north latitude.
Name of National List National List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
Management Organization of National List Intangible Cultural Heritage Department of the Ministry of Culture of China
Summary The process of Movable-Type Printing is as follows: First, Chinese characters of different materials are engraved and picked out according to the requirement of the text to be printed. These characters are then arranged into typeface and, through a whole process of proofreading, ink brushing, paper covering, brush printing, paper cutting and binding; the printed material is finally finished. The movable characters can be used time and again after the typeface is dismantled. In the middle of 11th century, Bisheng invented the (clay) Movable-Type Printing technique, and later in the mid-12th century, Buddhist sutra was printed in Wooden Movable-Type Printing in Western Xia Dynasty. Afterward, movable characters made of copper and tin appeared. At present in some communities of Rui’an Zhejiang province, Wooden Movable-Type Printing is still being used to print genealogy of clans. The invention of Movable-Type Printing has had a great impetus to the progress of world civilization.
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