The Watertight-Bulkhead Technology of Chinese Junks UNESCO Marks

ICH Domain Traditional craft skills, Urgent Safeguarding List
Name of UNESCO List Urgent Safeguarding List
Type of UNESCO List
Incribed year in UNESCO List
Local Name Craftsmanship for the construction of Fujianese junks
Location (Address) The Watertight-Bulkhead Technology of Chinese Junks is largely practiced in the regions between 118 and 120 degrees east longitude, and between 24'30 and 27 degrees north latitude. They comprise the coastal townships of Fujian Province, particularly those of Jinjiang City and the Jiaocheng District of Ningde City, with influence spreading to the Quangang District and Hui’an County in Quanzhou City, as well as to Fu’an Town, Xiapu County and Fuding Town in Ningde City.
Name of National List National List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
Management Organization of National List Intangible Cultural Heritage Department of the Ministry of Culture of China
Summary The Watertight-Bulkhead Technology of Chinese Junks is an age-old craft for the construction of ocean-going vessels with watertight-bulkhead compartments in South China’s Fujian Province. The vessels are made mainly of camphor, pine and fir timber, and assembled through use of traditional carpenters’ tools. They are built by applying the key technologies of rabbet-jointing planks together and caulking the seams between the planks with ramie, lime and tung oil. A master craftsman designs and directs the whole process. A large number of craftsmen work in close coordination to build solidly rabbeted ocean vessels consisting of multiple independently watertight cabins. The core technology for building such vessels is called The Watertight-Bulkhead Technology of Chinese Junks. This has been one of shipbuilding history’s great inventions. It has contributed significantly to the improvement of navigation safety and to the promotion of human communication and exchange, thus stimulating the spread of civilization.
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